Lo studio proposto che vede fra i suoi autori il Commissario insieme ad alcuni stretti collaboratori prende in considerazione il ruolo dei modelli numerici e delle misurazioni di campo al fine di impedire il deterioramento ambientale dei bacini costieri. Sulla base di queste specifiche viene delineato e descritto un modello meteorologico-idrodinamico per identificare i processi in corso nel Mar Piccolo.
Coastal shallow basins are often heavily anthropized and greatly exposed to environmental risk areas, thus requiring strict monitoring action by local authorities and stakeholders. Preventive measures against environmental degradation and early warning to hazards have been proved to benefit from the combined use of numerical models and field measurements. The present work sets out to show the potential of a meteorological-hydrodynamic model system, validated with field data, to identify the main physical processes characterizing a semi-enclosed basin located in the inner part of the Ionian Sea, in southern Italy. Furthermore, based on the model results, we adopted some convenient indicators, especially related to flow exchanges, in order to identify and characterize the area in the basin most sensitive to environmental problems. The results highlight the retentive feature of the inner part of the basin and different times necessary for the water renewal in both the surface and bottom layers.